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Effects of Stress

Stress although perceived differently in individuals affects us in many ways which are unique to every one of us. The effect of stress may range from mildly little to chronic or life-threatening. Stress can affect the immunity of the human body which can haphazardly affect all areas of our health. The effect of stress ranges from physical to behavioral, cognitive to emotional symptoms.

1. Physical Effect of Stress

Stress leads to the slowing down of some normal functions in the body. It tends to affect the performance of the digestive and immune systems. When there is the presence of stress in the body, it slows down the concentration of the body on undertaking some important processes in the body which include breath control, blood flow, alertness as well as muscle preparedness in the body. Stress leads the body to change in some ways for it to react to the stressors produced. Some of the changes which the body undergoes include;

Increase in blood pressure and rise in the pulse level
Increase in the breathing level
The digestive and the metabolic system slows down
The immune activity of the body is slowed down
Muscle becoming tenser
Reduction in the amount of sleep due to an increase in the level of alertness
Loss of sexual desire or ability

2. Emotional Effect of Stress

When a person is stressed, it may lead one to experience many different feelings such as anxiety, fear, anger, sadness, or frustration. These emotional feelings can depend on each other and can lead to the production of more chronic symptoms which could lead to worse for a person. Stress could cause the symptoms of depression and stress may harm a person’s mental health. Some of the symptoms of stress which one could undergo include;

Becoming easily agitated, frustrated, and moody
Feeling very much overwhelmed to the extent of losing control or having the urge of taking control
Having the difficulty of relaxing and having a quiet mind
The art of feeling bad, lonely, depressed, and worthless



When an individual is subjected to stress, it may lead to the person behaving differently. Stress could make one become withdrawn, have some couple of indecisions as well as inflexibility. It makes one develop some irritable behavioral symptoms. Some behavioral symptoms which are attributed to stress are as follows:

Change in appetite which involves not been able to eat or even eating too much
Avoiding responsibilities as well as the art of procrastination
Increase in the drug, alcohol intake of an individual
Showing forth nervous behaviors such as anxiety, fidgeting, and other abnormal behavioral symptoms.



Stress could lead to an individual showcasing cognitive changes which could lead to a change as to how a person perceives himself and the environment. Some of the symptoms which can result in negative cognitive changes to stress are as follows;

Having to worry constantly
Having racing thoughts
Been disorganized readily
Loss of focus and concentration
Showcasing poor judgment
Showing pessimism and not looking at issues in the positive light

The above examples are some of the impacts which stress can cause on a person’s physical as well as mental well-being. The effects of a long subjection in stress could lead to wear and tear on the body which could lead to a permanent state of ‘fight or flight’. When a person is subjected to a state of overwhelming stress for a longer period, it leads to chronic or long-lasting stress which could lead to a thing of concern. Being subjected to a lengthy period of chronic stress can exacerbate and result in many serious health problems.

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